AskDefine | Define under

Dictionary Definition

under adj
1 located below or beneath something else; "nether garments"; "the under parts of a machine" [syn: nether]
2 lower in rank, power, or authority; "an under secretary" [syn: under(a)] adv
1 down to defeat, death, or ruin; "their competitors went under"
2 through a range downward; "children six and under will be admitted free"
3 into unconsciousness; "this will put the patient under"
4 in or into a state of subordination or subjugation; "we must keep our disappointment under"
5 below some quantity or limit; "fifty dollars or under"
6 below the horizon; "the sun went under"
7 down below; "get under quickly!"
8 further down; "see under for further discussion" [syn: below]

User Contributed Dictionary



  • a UK /ˈʌn.də(ɹ)/, /"Vn.d@(r\)/
  • a US /ˈʌn.dɚ/, /"Vn.d@`/
  • Rhymes with: -ʌndə(r)


Old English under


  1. In a lower level than
  2. To be a subject of
  3. To be less than
  4. Below the surface of




  1. In a way lower or less than
  2. In a way inferior to




Common Germanic *undher-






  1. under; below; beneath
  2. during, at the same time as
    Under lektionen pratade de hela tiden = During the lesson, they talked all the time




Related terms

Extensive Definition

Early life

Under attended a private German girl's school. After graduating, she worked as a salesclerk in a bookstore. In her free time, she wrote poetry in German. In 1902, she married an Estonian accountant, Carl Hacker. The couple had two children in Kutshino, a suburb of Moscow. However, in 1904, she fell in love with the Estonian artist Ants Laikmaa. Laikmaa convinced her to translate her poetry into Estonian and submitted her translated works to local newspapers.

Return to Estonia

In 1906, Under returned to Tallinn. In 1913, she met Artur Adson, who became her secretary. He also compiled the first volumes of her published poetry. In 1924, Under divorced Carl Hacker and married Adson.


Beginning in September 1944, the U.S.S.R. occupied Estonia. Under and her family fled to Sweden. They spent almost a year in a refugee camp. In 1945, the family moved to Mälarhöjden, a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden, where Under lived until her death on September 25, 1980. She is buried in the Forest Cemetery in Stockholm.
under in German: Marie Under
under in Estonian: Marie Under
under in Galician: Marie Under
under in Dutch: Marie Under
under in Portuguese: Marie Under
under in Finnish: Marie Under
under in Swedish: Marie Under

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

answerable to, at a disadvantage, at the nadir, below, below deck, below par, below the mark, belowstairs, beneath, collateral, dependent, down, down below, downstairs, drunk, earlier, high, impaired, in the gutter, inferior, infra, least, least of all, less, lesser, low, lower, lowest, neath, nether, out of sight, secondary, short of, sub, subjacent, subject, subordinate to, tipsy, tributary, under par, under the influence, underfoot, underneath, underwater
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